Welcome to Laminitis Treatment!
If you are the owner of a horse with laminitis, you understand the serious nature of this disease. You have empathy for the discomfort your horse is feeling and you want to provide the best care possible for your beloved companion. The following information will give you more information and a deeper understanding of what laminitis is, how it affects your horse, and various laminitis treatments to prevent laminitis and horse founder in the future.
What is Laminitis?
Laminitis in horses can be a painful and debilitating disease. Laminitis is a vascular disease that results in the inflammation in the lamellae, the sensitive structure in which the coffin bone is held tight within the hoof. A secretion of toxins is produced within the inflammation which weakens the connection of the coffin bone to the hoof wall.
As a result, the stability of the hoof is compromised as the coffin bone moves further away from the hoof wall. This weakening in structure may cause the coffin bone to rotate or even sink through the pads of the hoof, a condition referred to as "horse founder".
• Reduced Activity
• Hesitation to move when led
• Above normal period of lying down
• "Founder Stance" - weight shifted back with hind feet moved forward under body
• Muscle tension
• Increased temperature of hooves
• Bounding pulses in affected leg
• Pain when compressed with hoof tester or weight on sole
• Depression of skin above hoof wall
• Increased white line
• Blood in white line
• Fever rings on hoof wall
Cures for Laminitis include the BioMat Mat from RichWay International - see the biomat here.
Acute Laminitis and Chronic Laminitis
There are two stages in which laminitis symptoms can be seen: acute laminitis and chronic laminitis.
Acute laminitis is the stage in which lameness and/or laminitis symptoms are seen and laminar degeneration is stabilized. Typically, acute laminitis is seen in the front feet, however, the hind feet can be affected as well. When the forelimbs are affected, you will notice a shift in the horses stance referred to as "founder stance". The horse will move their hind legs forward under their belly, extend front legs and shift weight to the rear. This is done to reduce the bearing of weight on the front legs.
A reluctance to stand or walk, especially on a hard surface is an additional acute laminitis sign. The horses digital pulse will also be increased, temperature of the hoof will be elevated and pain will be experienced when pressure is applied to the hoof. Increased breathing and pulse rate may be present in response to the pain. Upon discovery of these symptoms, it is wise to get an x-ray of the hooves to assess the position of the coffin bone in relation to the hoof wall and the overall progression of the laminitis. Acute laminitis occurs rather rapidly, anywhere from 24-72 hours after the initial damage to the connective tissue occurs.
As a case of laminitis continues, the symptoms and severity of the damage worsens known as chronic laminitis. As the coffin bone moves further away from the hoof wall, is begins to shift and rotate toward the pad of the hoof. This rotation results in a stretching of the white line that is visible from the sole. In addition, abnormal growth may occur in the hoof.
In response to the shifting and weakening of the coffin bone in relation to the hoof wall, the hoof will attempt to heal itself by forming a stronger connection at the top of the hoof visible in the form of a depression at the top of the hoof. Horses with chronic laminitis are prone to recurring episodes of acute laminitis. The severity of damage and the rate of recovery are dependent on the breed of the horse, the use of the horse and the quality of care they receive.
Read More: Causes of Laminitis
Last Updated (Wednesday, 26 October 2011 17:23)